|STRANGERS ON THE HORIZON
Titanic and Californian – A Forensic Approach
by Samuel Halpern
|On April 22, 1912, during the third day of the US Senate investigation into the
loss of Titanic, it was learned that there had been a steamer in sight of Titanic.
This steamer had failed to respond to distress rockets that were being sent aloft
from the stricken Titanic as she slowly sank beneath the surface of the Atlantic
following a collision with an iceberg. The following day, on April 23, 1912, a
story was printed in a small New England newspaper that claimed that a small
tramp steamer, the SS Californian, had seen the lights and rockets of Titanic,
and had refused to come to her aid.
This book takes a new look into what has since been called the Californian
affair. It is significantly different from previous treatments of this highly
contentious subject in that it does not try to simply interpret or reinterpret
every single word that eyewitnesses said in 1912. Instead, it takes a novel
approach of applying specific analytical techniques to test the many conflicting
and sometimes contradictory statements that were made in 1912 in order to find
the reality of what took place. It includes detailed analysis of distances,
bearings, headings, speeds, drift rates, ranges of visibility and other quantifiable
information that has never before been examined in any great detail. It
provides answers to the question of where was Californian relative to Titanic
that night, and were they in sight of each other.
This book also looks into the role played by several other vessels that were in
the area that memorable night, delving into some of the claims made afterward
concerning rescue attempts and movements. In addition, the book also explores
the moments leading up to, and immediately following, Titanic's collision with an
iceberg, piecing together a detailed moment-by-moment picture of the events
and actions that took place from the time the fatal iceberg was first spotted, to
the time that the iceberg was last seen fading astern into the dark of night.
|Title page, About the Author, Table of Contents
Herbert Stone on Californian.
stopped DR position on the night of April 14, 1912.
on the night of April 14, and how the erroneous distress position may have come about.
night of April 14, 1912.
maximum distances between vessels.
maximum geographic range between lights and an observer, the geometry of an icefield, and from
ship sightings at daybreak.
and why it would seemed to disappear to those in the boats before daybreak.
4am onward, and looks at the movements of the SS Carpathia on her race to the rescue.
return to New York.
Californian did not report seeing many floating bodies amongst the wreckage, and answers the
question as to why Titanic was not affected by the Gulf Stream before reaching the ice region.
distress position, and the events that took place after she arrived on the scene.
known as the Californian affair.
the Californian affair is likely to continue.
Californian, and the one irrefutable conclusion from that night to remember.
Appendix B. Report from Californian’s Second Officer Herbert Stone
Appendix C. Report from Californian’s Apprentice James Gibson
Appendix D. Capt. Lord’s Letter to the Board of Trade
Appendix E. Capt. Lord’s Letter to the Editor of The Reporter
Appendix F. 1959 Affidavit of Captain Stanley Lord
Appendix G. Socket Distress Signals in 1912
Appendix H. A Short Tutorial on Marine Navigation
Appendix I. Distance Between an Observer and a Light at Sea
Appendix J. Particulars of Californian and Titanic
Appendix K. The Icefields of Albert Moulton Foweraker
Appendix L. Captain A. H. Rostron’s Report to the Cunard Shipping Company
Appendix M. 12:35am Apparent Time Carpathia
Appendix N. IMM Company Rules Regarding Time Kept and Clocks on Board
Appendix O. Bells, Clocks, Watch Schedules and Time Alterations
Appendix P. Extract from the Memorandum of Robert Ellis Cunliffe Solicitor to the BOT
Appendix Q. Transcript of the Almerian Report Written by Capt. Stanley Lord
Appendix R. Transcribed Extract From the Handwritten Wireless Log of the SS Birma
Appendix S. Affidavit of Californian’s Second Donkeyman Ernest Gill
Appendix T. The Icefields and Charts of Captain John Joseph Knapp
Appendix U. Excerpts From the Speech of Senator William Alden Smith
Appendix V. Lord Mersey’s “The Circumstances in Connection with the SS Californian”
Click on any of the hyperlinked sections below to get a sneak peak inside the book.
|Size: 7"X10" Pages: 556
As with all new publications, that will always be errors that have escaped the most careful of proofing attempts.
Click HERE to open a file that contains an up-to-date list of errata related to the 2019 printing of the book.
Many thanks to Eugene Nesmeyanov, Julian Atkins and Georges G. for finding these.